How To Anchor Java Moss And Give Them Different Formats

Java moss is a wonderful decor for your aquarium. To get the desired look from java moss it is mandatory to know how to anchor java moss.

The general process is very easy. First, prepare the tank by ensuring the environment and water temperature. Then make sure the moss has sufficient light access. Then you will need to ensure that the moss is on the desired surface. You can use glue, an extra layer of substrate, driftwood, or stones to anchor the plant.

Once they start to grow make sure that you give them proper food and nutrients. Also, regular trimming is important. Otherwise, they can create disruptions for other aquatic life in the tank.

Anchoring Java Moss In Aquarium In General

Java Moss on Driftwood

Java moss is a very light plant. Thus sometimes people get confused about how to anchor them. Here the process is described step by step.

Step 1: Setting The Tank

The first and very important part of this anchoring java moss is to prepare the tank properly. For this, you will need a freshwater tank. Remember java fern is not for marine water. It can survive for a few days in salt water and then turns brown and eventually dies. 

Remember to have a water tank that holds at least 19 liters of water otherwise, it can jam the fish and crowd the growth of the java moss. You can use tap water, but filtering before using it is always wise. Then it will be ensured that the water is safe for the plants and animals.

Step 2: Balance The Water Temperature And pH Level

The ideal water temperature for the process is 70°F to 75°F. The Java moss needs a higher temperature. They can even survive at 90°F. But if the temperature of the water is low it will hinder the growth of the moss. Use a water heater if needed. (Our Pick: Orlushy Submersible Aquarium Heater)

Also, use a pH measuring kit to regulate the pH balance. The level of pH should be between 5 to 8. If the pH balance is not in the range there are several chemicals available that will balance the pH without causing any harm to aquatic life. (Our Pick: VIVOSUN Digital PH Meter for Water)

Step 3: Provide Light

You might have heard that java moss is not picky about light. But when you want to anchor dense java moss then light becomes a necessary factor. Depending on how much light the tank is getting the rate of growth will vary. 

If you want to have a densely grown java moss bed then you will need to provide bright lighting. For this, you can use light if your place doesn’t have enough access to sunlight. Otherwise, just put the tank in the brightest sunlight zone of your place. You will get the desired result. (Our Pick: hygger Auto On Off LED Aquarium Light)

Step 4: Put The Java Moss In The Tank

Depending on how you want your java moss to anchor you will need to put the moss in the tank. If you are wishing that the moss will just float on the tank, then just drop the moss on the water. They are very light and will keep floating. 

Again if you want the moss to anchor into something then you will just need to tie the moss with any piece of wood or rock. Give it a time of 1month to get settled before you can remove the thread. Also, place the moss near any plants so that it can get attached to the plant and stay at the bottom of the tank. 

Also, it is important to note that, don’t move the moss after it has been placed in the tank. Movement can cause damage to the new moss and make the growing process slower. Thus it becomes a necessity that they don’t move much.

Step 5: Caring

Once the moss is placed in the tank it is time to take care and ensure that it gets proper light and temperature. If you are planning to move the moss to a different place do it with care and make sure it doesn’t harm the roots.

Different Formats of Java Moss Anchoring

Java Moss Tree

Following the anchoring process, there are several formats in which you can grow the Java moss. All of these are beautiful but need patience. 

Carpet of Java Moss

Java Moss Carpet means growing it on the bottom of the tank. You will need to tie the plant with an anchor and put it in the bottom of the tank. It needs a plain surface to appear in a nice form of carpet. 

To get this form of carpet of java moss you can also put a heavy layer of the substrate over the moss or can pin it to the substrate with a net. No matter which procedure suits you, the important thing is to keep it attached to the ground so that it can spread its seedling in the substrate. You can also use plant superglue. 

But make sure to attach the java moss with a removable substance. This way you can anchor it in another tank once the carpet is formed. 

Java Moss Wall

Another beautiful format for anchoring Java Moss is the Java Moss wall. In this format, the mosses are anchored to the wall of the tank. They are in the vertical format. As they work against gravity and java moss is light in weight, you will need to use some external objects to clump them with the wall.

In creating a java moss wall you can use suction cups and plastic mesh. With these tools, first, you will need to fold the net in half. And then put the java moss in the folding of the net. With the help of a suction cup, attach the net to the wall.

The growth of the java moss wall is comparatively faster than the growth of the java moss mat. If you are planning to make a java moss wall you will need to trim the java moss more frequently. The reason behind this growth is more access to sunlight. As the moss is in the wall it doesn’t get the shadow of other habitats of the aquarium. Thus the growth is boosted.

Java Moss Tree

Another wonderful pattern of anchoring java moss is the java moss tree. It is very difficult and challenging to give the Java moss the format of a tree. It can take a number of experiments to get the desired result. 

For this, you will need to have a piece of driftwood that looks as much like a tree with branches, natural sponges, and ethyl cyanoacrylate super glue gel. First, with the help of glue, attach the small piece of the sponges to the driftwood. Try to give them shapes like trees. The more creative you are, the more looks you can create.  

Once you are done with sticking the sponges with the branches now stick the mosses into the sponges with the same glue. But this is not the last step. At the first placement, it is easy to get the look. But once the moss starts to grow they need proper trimming. 

While trimming you can provide them with different shapes and sizes. Also, the trimming has to be done more frequently. Make sure the mosses don’t get detached from sponges and that sponges are also in place.

Depending on the growth of the moss, the trimming process can be quite frequent. Thus if you have enough patience only then go for the java moss tree. Remember, it needs time, patience, and care. With the trimming process if you are not sensitive enough you can end up breaking the branches or losing the sponges. 

Taking Care of Java Moss

Once you anchor java moss your duties end here. It is also necessary to take care of the moss and help them grow. Here are some pointers that can help you in this growth.

Water Condition

For java moss, you need a pH level of 5 to 8. This level is not too acidic and not too basic. Anything lower or higher will harm your moss growth. Even sometimes the moss can end up dying if the pH balance is mismatched. 

After pH balance, another important factor is water temperature. Java moss is a plant of warm water. It survives at a temperature between 70°F to 75°F. If you want the water at the given temperature then place a water heater.

Another way to raise the temperature naturally is to place the water tank next to the window from which the tank can get direct sunlight. This will raise the temperature of the tank and will help java moss to grow. 


With java moss, you need to be sincere while using fertilizer. The use of excess fertilizer will harm the moss. Users often say that the use of excess fertilizers causes burning in the moss. Thus use only that amount that is necessary. 

Water Movement

Java moss is a dense moss. Thus the plant growth needs to have water movement. This delivers the nutrients in the water to get to every part of the moss. Otherwise, if the tank water doesn’t have any movement then the moss can eventually die due to lack of nutrition. 

Why Have Java Moss

Before planning to put anything in an aquarium it is wise to know what benefits the tank environment. This way it gets easier to do the screening process of what to put and what not to. 

Here are some benefits of Java Moss.

  • The first reason is to give your aquarium an aesthetic look. 
  • Best for raising fry. It gives them a hideout and keeps them safe.
  • It works as a spawning map. This means fishes get a place to lay their eggs and ensure that the eggs are safe.
  • It boosts shrimp growth by providing food for them.


How Do I Keep Java Moss Under Control?

Java moss becomes earthy colored when they don’t have adequate supplements, light, or clean water. To keep the plant from touching the dust, add a modest quantity of fish-safe compost to the tank, do whatever it may take to control green growth development, add more carbon dioxide is vital, and make sure that your water and environment are ideal for light circumstances.

How Long Does It Take For Java Moss To Attach?

By and large, Java Moss will grow 1-1.5 inches each month under ideal circumstances. At the point when the plant is set in another climate, it will require half a month for the plant to get laid out. It might require roughly a month before the plant joins itself to a surface safely and begin developing at its usual expected rate.

How Can I Speed Up Java Moss Growth?

The more grounded the light, the quicker the java greenery develops. Developed at the highest point of a tank, it will become quicker. Under splendid light, green growth will be bound to shape, as well. For quick development, the highest point of the tank becomes the easiest point; however, it will require more support to keep green growth from dominating.

Does Java Moss Give Oxygen?

Like some other plants, Java greenery performs photosynthesis. This is when plants use carbon dioxide, water, and light to deliver sugar and oxygen; the sugar is the food they need to develop and get by, while the oxygen is a side-effect of the interaction.

Can Java Moss Survive Without Light?

The greenery can develop with positively no light and it is uncommon that somebody would not be able to keep Java Moss alive. A light green variety on the finishes of the greenery demonstrates new development and because of its solidness, Java Moss is perfect for fledglings.

Final Words

Java moss is a beautiful creation of nature. Once you know how to anchor Java moss, you can create different formats of the moss using the technique. This way the beauty of the aquarium can be enhanced.

Java moss is quite useful for the aquarium. Thus if you have planted them take good care of them. Also, trim them from time to time so that they don’t create a hazard.

Howard Parker

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